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Sunday, April 11, 2021
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    Synagonistis

    MOIS YUSSUROUM

    Mois (Maurice) Yousouroum hails from a historical Greek Jewish family. His grandfather, Bochor, came from Smyrna to Athens in 1860 and opened an antique shop on the corner of Karaiskaki and Ermou streets. Ever since, that part of Monastiraki has borne the Yussuroum name. In 1913, a son of...

    JEWISH RESISTANCE IN OCCUPIED EUROPE

    The widespread perception that the Jewish populations of Europe were led blindly and obediently like "sheep to the slaughter" to Hitler's death camps does not accurately reflect historical reality. The best proof that instead of submitting to the Nazis there was the option of going into battle were the estimated...

    The Greek resistance and the Jews, 1941–1944

    Although the available data is limited and fragmentary, it is estimated that about 650 Jewish men and women, from almost all the Jewish communities in the country, enlisted in the various resistance groups from the beginning of the occupation to the liberation or joined the partisans to escape the...

    FROM THE GHETTOS OF THESSALONIKI TO THE PARTISANS

    Of the 55,250 Thessaloniki Jews, about 400 managed to make their way to partisan-held territory in Greece. Apart from those who were already in other areas, a few dozen brave teams left the city’s ghetto in late March and headed westwards. Among them were siblings Moissis, Solomon, Yolanda and...

    THESSALY: PARTISAN CRADLE

    More than 100 Jews from Larissa, Volos, Trikala and Karditsa were active in the national-liberation struggle. Louiza Negrin was arrested and imprisoned by the Italians at a rally in Larissa in March 1943. Allegra Felous-Kapeta from Trikala, a member of the Communist Party since the interwar period, emerged as...

    JEWISH WARRIORS IN ROUMELI

    Central Greeceor “Roumeli” was at the heart of "Free Greece". It was where the ELAS General Headquarters was based, along with five guerrilla regiments and a vast organisational network. Over a period of 15 months, the Germans launched 20 anti-partisan operations using special mountain troops (1st Mountain Division, 4th Waffen SS...

    COMBATANTS AND INTELLECTUALS IN EPIRUS

    In Epirus, the dense German encampments, the difficulty of the terrain and cohesion between the communities meant that some Jews of Ioannina and Arta found themselves outside the encirclement in September 1943. The "undisciplined" youths Samuel Koen and Sion Bakolas from Ioannina took the bold decision to leave the...

    RESISTANCE PRESS IN THE MOUNTAINS

    Just as powerful as bullets were the words of the partisans. Thousands of leaflets and hundreds of publications circulated illegally in villages and occupied towns. The strict censorship regime made it imperative to issue resistance newspapers, so printers waged their own battle to provide information and encouragement to the...

    THE TRAINBUSTERS OF OLYMPOS

    One of the special partisan units was the elite “Engineers Company” of the ΙELAS Division, operating in the Mt Olympos region, under the command of Lieut. Antonis Angeloulis (“Vratsanos”). Among the 250 partisans of that special unit were two Jews: Vital Solomon Aelion from Thessaloniki and Esdras Beniamin Moissis...

    DANELOS ALCHANATIS

    Danelos Alchanatis was born in Athens in 1922. After completing the historical 8th Boys’ Gymnasium (high school) on Koumoundourou Square, he enrolled to study architecture at Athens Polytechnic. When the Germans occupied Athens, he was finishing his first year. With the student lecture halls in turmoil, it was impossible to...