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    Community of Ioannina

    EVERYDAY LIFE life at work

    From the time they first settled in Ioannina, the Jews had all sorts of occupations, but the most common were occupations that fulfilled the needs of an urban society so people occupied in them prospered. In Byzantine times there were money-changers and pawnbrokers as well as merchants. During the subsequent...

    EVERYDAY LIFE Costumes

    There was no recognisably Jewish form of dress by which the people of the Diaspora could be distinguished or identified. They dressed in accordance with the norms of the various places they lived in, taking account of climate and local materials, and influenced by local customs and the dictates...

    EVERYDAY LIFE language and education

    While Hebrew remained the language of religious observation and was also a unifying factor for the Jews of the Diaspora, local communities used the language of the country they lived in, embellishing it with Hebrew words and phrases. Romaniote Jews had, for the greater part, been familiar with Greek...

    EVERYDAY LIFE community institutions

    As in all Jewish communities, the strict internal organisation of the Romaniote Community of Ioannina guaranteed its smooth running, especially when under the Ottoman Empire. The rabbi, who bore the title Marbitz Torah from the 16th century, was both religious and administrative leader. He was chosen for his wisdom...

    EVERYDAY LIFE life at home

    By 1944, some Romaniote Jews of the Jewish Community of Ioannina lived inside the castle walls, while others lived outside. As a result of this they referred to themselves as the insiders and the outsiders. Most homes in the Jewish quarters were two-storey houses with a paved courtyard called...

    EVERYDAY LIFE arts and letters

    Romaniote Jews played a significant role in every field of the arts in Ioannina and in the rest of Greece, too. The Romaniote Jews of the city contributed to its theatrical productions, and since drama is inalienable from Jewish tradition and is an important feature of religious festivals, their...

    JOSEPH ELIGIA AND HIS TIMES life and works – part a

    A Jew and a Greek in one… The first Jewish poet to write in Greek… Christos Christovasilis Joseph Elias Kapoulias, better known as Joseph Eligia, was born in Ioannina in 1901. Joseph Eligia was the only son of a humble family. He was brought up in poverty in Arsaki Street in the...

    JOSEPH ELIGIA AND HIS TIMES life and works – part b

    In 1922, with his intellectual development still in progress, his perception of the world widened and his interest shifted from involvement in Jewish issues to active involvement in the socio-political issues of his age, wherein he took a radical stand. His work now took on the mood of the...

    JOSEPH ELIGIA AND HIS TIMES the local community

    In the early 1920s, the Jewish Community of Ioannina numbered about 3000. The rough mannerisms that were characteristic of the highland people of Epirus also characterised the Jews of Ioannina, who were known as difficult, intransigent people. The inflexible internal organisation imposed even more isolation on the Jews of...

    JOSEPH ELIGIA AND HIS TIMES political and social conditions

    While the Jewish Community of Ioannina was locked in a struggle to maintain its balance at a time of radical social reformation, the whole local society in the city at large was on a parallel course, dealing with similar conflicts and problems. And Ioannina was certainly not an isolated...